The ability to identify and risk rank hazards is fundamental to all process safety programs. If hazards are not identified, the risk to do with them cannot be eliminated or reduced. The articles and safety moments in this topic area describe various hazard identification techniques, including,
Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOP),
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA),
Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA),
Fault Tree Analysis (FTA).
The sequence in which they can be carried out — moving from overview or concept level to detailed analysis — is discussed in the ebook Hazard Analysis.