Many of the activities that have been discussed in this series of ebooks are carried out as part of a project. Therefore, it is useful to review some of the basics of project management in the process industries - particularly the Phase/Gate system, and to show how process safety programs are integrated into projects.
The sketch shows the Phase/Gate method of managing a project.
At the conclusion of each phase the project management team will select one of four options:
- Proceed to the next stage (the project is a “go”).
- Recycle the current stage (usually because insufficient information is available to make an informed decision, or because project requirements/conditions have changed).
- Put the project on hold.
- Stop the project.
Factors that affect the phase / gate decision include the following:
- The commercial/business case for the project given the information available at that point;
- Selection of the best technical options;
- The need for contingency plans; and
- The safety and environmental risks associated with the project.
Table of Contents
Phase / Gate System
Hazards Analysis on Projects
Phase I — Concept Selection
Phase II — Preliminary Design (FEED)
Phase III — Detailed Engineering
Phase IV — Fabrication and Construction
Transfer of Care, Custody and Control
Operational Readiness Review
Startup and Line Out