Transportation in the Process and Energy Industries
Chemical transport. The chemicals and fuels produced by the process industries usually have to be transported to the place where they will be used — often along public highways, railroads, by sea or by pipeline. This ebook discusses the transportation of these ‘Highly Hazardous Chemicals’, with a particular focus on their safe loading and unloading.
Transportation systems tend to be hazardous because of the frequency with which vehicles and connected and disconnected — usually by hose — from the facilities to which they are delivering materials. Every time that a hose is attached or detached there is a significant chance of a spill. Moreover tank (rail) cars and tanks trucks spend much of their time in public locations such as roads and railroad crossings where there is always a chance that they will collide with another vehicle. And, if a spill does occur, it could impact many members of the public.
Also discussed here is the control of static electricity when loading and unloading liquids to and from tank trucks and railcars.
Table of Contents
Regulations and Standards
International Safety Guide
CAP 437 ― Offshore Helicopter Landing Areas
Loading / Unloading
Tank (Rail) Cars
Tank Car Markings
Ships and Barges
Personnel Net Baskets
Rigid Frame Baskets