Process Safety Management
An oil refinery located in a major metropolitan area used a hydrogen fluoride (HF) alkylation process. HF is a liquid at ambient conditions, but, on release to the atmosphere, it forms a highly toxic vapor cloud which can remain at ground level and drift for a long distance. Moreover, if it comes into contact with water it forms highly corrosive hydrofluoric acid.
Overview (BSEE Risk)
As part of its Well Control Rule BSEE appears to have made a major change in the manner in which offshore risk is to be managed. Section 250.107(a)(3) states,
[y]ou must protect health, safety, property and the environment by utilizing recognized engineering practices that reduce risks to the lowest level practicable when conducting design, fabrication, installation, operation, inspection, repair, and maintenance activities.
Risk matrices are widely used in the process industries. Details vary considerably from company to company, particularly with regard to the size of a risk matrix, but generally a process such as the following is used.
1. A hazard is identified.
2. The consequence of that hazard is determined. The most important consequence is usually do with safety, but environmental, economic and public relations impact can also be considered.
The post Risk Management Professional discussed some of the attributes that help make a successful risk management/process safety professional. This post to do with the risk management consultant takes a look at a related topic: the attributes of an effective process risk management consultant and the additional attributes and skills that he or she should possess.
The purpose of an Operational Readiness/PreStartup Safety Review (PSSR) is to ensure that initial start-ups, or start-ups following major project work, proceed safely and smoothly. As with most process safety activities a PSSR will generally be performed by a small team made up of representatives from operations, maintenance, engineering, and safety.
History Safety Management: we have published a 30 minute video package that shows how safety management systems in the process and energy industries have developed during the course of the last 300 years. The YouTube video shown at the end of this page provides a short extract.
There has been much discussion in recent years as to how to develop new and improved cultures within the process industries. There appears to be an implicit assumption in these discussions that ours is the first generation to wrestle with the problem of creating a new culture. Nothing could be further from the truth. Indeed, it can be instructive to examine how previous generations affected cultural change with respect to industrial safety and environmental performance, and to consider how their techniques and approaches may apply to our times.